FAQs on Quarantine of Wood Packaging Materials of Entry-Exit Cargos(I)
2009-05-06

 

Part 1 International Standards

 

1. What is the international standard of quarantine measures for wooden packages?

In March, 2002, the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) promulgated the International Standard on Phytosanitary Measures (ISPM 15) – "Guidelines for Regulating Wood Packaging Material in International Trade”, and that is the international standard of quarantine measures for wooden packages. IPPC is the institution designated by the WTO/SPS to formulate the international standard of phytosanitary quarantine measures.

 

2. Why should IPPC formulate the international standard of quarantine measures on wooden packages?

First, it could reduce the risk of spreading harmful forest organisms carried by wooden packages in the trade; second, it could assist members of WTO to formulate uniform administrative measures of wooden package quarantine for minimizing the possibility of formulating unreasonable technical measures which would affect the international trade.

 

3. What is the primary coverage of the international standard of quarantine measures on wooden packages?

In accordance with the international standard of quarantine measures on wooden packages, effective fumigation or heat treatment shall be undertaken to wooden packages used in the international trade. Moreover, a uniform IPPC mark shall be attached on those qualified wooden packages, and no plant quarantine certificate or certificate of fumigation and disinfection is necessary to be provided after that.

 

4. Why shall China adopt the international standard of quarantine measures on wooden packages?

The implementation of the international standard of quarantine measures on wooden packages can contribute to effective control of risk of spreading harmful organisms by wooden packages, to the convenience of on-the-spot quarantine inspection, and to the reduction of amount of certificates to be issued. At present, many countries adopt the international standard. As a member of WTO, China is obligated to employ the international standard.  

 

5. What do wooden packages described in the international standard of quarantine measures on wooden packages refer to?

It refers to wooden packages as follows:

The wooden materials used for carrying, packing, matting, supporting or fastening goods, such as wooden cases, wooden crates, wooden pallets, wooden frames, wooden casks, wooden shafts, wooden wedges, wooden pads, crossties and wooden linings, etc.;

The wooden packing materials which are deeply processed by heating or pressing, etc., except veneers, or fiberboards, etc.; and

The revolved cut cores from wooden sheets, scobs, wood-wools, wooden shavings, or the wooden materials which are 6mm thick or less.

 

6. What measures of disinfection and disinfestation are approved by the international standard of wooden package quarantine?

At present, measures of disinfection and disinfestation approved by the international standard are heat treatment and the treatment of methyl bromide fumigation. The IPPC can examine and modify the approved measures of disinfection and disinfestation, or approve other measures of disinfection and disinfestation according to information provided by the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO).

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