Procedures for Quarantine on Objects Carried by Passengers
2009-05-06

 

Procedures for Quarantine on Objects Carried by Passengers

Preparation

Inspection and quarantine personnel shall be uniformed, wear the symbols, be dignified in appearance, stick to their post, and standby for performing quarantine. In addition, the personnel also shall have all relevant tools (e.g. scissors, scalpel, magnifying glass, finger tube, forceps, white magnetic dish, tank for liquid medicine, and fruit grinder, etc.), documents of quarantine and relevant regulations prepared.

Publicity Work

Before a ship, vehicle, or airplane enter the country, or at the port of entry, if possible, broadcast relevant regulations of inspection and quarantine, and distribute leaflets, paste regulations and announcements of animal and plant quarantine, in the luggage claim area and the quarantine site, to present relevant provisions and requirements of animal inspection and quarantine to the passengers. Set up boxes for placing objects prohibited from entering the country, in the luggage claim area, to suggest that passengers carrying plants or plant products shall undergo inspection and quarantine report, otherwise, shall abandon those objects or be fined.

Inspection and Quarantine Report

For those who carry plants, plant products, or other quarantine objects into China, passengers must report to the Customs, fill in the application form in accordance withthe facts, and undergo quarantine conducted by the inspection and quarantine authority.

On-the-spot Quarantine

For quarantine on a ship, vehicle, or airplane, please check the Quarantine of Means of Transport for details on

Inspection Site

(1)   The inspection and quarantine personnel shall, cooperated with the Customs, perform quarantine during security check on an inspection site or at a quarantine counter, and undertake enquiry, spot checking, and X-ray inspection depending on actual needs. In addition, they shall undertake open-case inspection if necessary.

(2)   The inspection and quarantine institutions shall, for the purpose of inspection and quarantine, detain the fruit, Solanaceae vegetables such as eggplants, chilli, and tomatoes, etc. carried by passengers, issue the Voucher of People’s Republic of China for Detaining or Quarantine Treatment of Objects Carried by Inward Passengers, and return or destroy objects depending on the specific inspection results.

(3)   For a small amount of self-use follows, ornamental plants or other plant products, in the event that no disease, insect pest, or harmful organism is detected after examining, the inspection and quarantine institutions shall clear the said items on the spot. For those detected to carry dinary diseases, insect pests, or harmful organisms, or those with high population density of insect pests but can be treated with disinfection and disinfestation completely, the inspection and quarantine institution shall clear them, should they be proven to be qualified after the treatment. For plants with soil and plant binders, the inspection and quarantine institution shall eliminate soil and the plant binders, then, carry out the treatment of disinfection to them. Plants shall be cleared after undergoing necessary quarantine treatment.

(4)   For plant seeds, seedlings or other propagating materials, or quarantine objects of which the result of quarantine inspection cannot be immediately determined on the spot, the inspection and quarantine institution shall apply the detention for quarantine inspection, and issue the Voucher of People’s Republic of China for Detaining or Quarantine Treatment of Objects Carried by Inward or outward Passengers to the owner, and then, require the owner to go through relevant formalities in a specified period.

Indoor Inspection

1. For plant seeds, seedlings or other propagating materials detained for quarantine, or quarantine objects of which the result of quarantine inspection cannot be immediately determined  on the spot, laboratory quarantine shall be undertaken, moreover, isolation quarantine shall be applied if necessary.

2. For the detained animal products that may act as a vehicle of insect pests, targeted inspection and quarantine shall be undertaken.

3. For detaining fruit and solanceous vegetables, the key procedure shall be the quarantine of insect pests. Specimens shall be fabricated if necessary.

When undertaking quarantine treatment or clearing plants, plant products or other

quarantine objects carried by passengers, the treatment of disinfection and disinfestation, in accordance with Article 17 in the Law of People’s Republic of China on Entry-Exit Animal and Plant Quarantine, shall be applied should any dangerous diseases, insect pests or weeds be detected by quarantine. In case there is no effective method of disinfection and disinfestation, treatment of returning or destruction shall be undertaken, and the Voucher of People’s Republic of China for Detaining or Quarantine Treatment of Objects Carried by Inward or outward Passengers shall be issued. Those qualified after treatment shall be cleared.

Quarantine of Articles Carried by Outward Passengers

Quarantine objects carried by outward passengers shall, upon passengers’ request, undergo inspection and quarantine in accordance with quarantine requirements of the export countries or bilateral agreements.

 

Provisions and measures of Quarantine Treatment of Articles Carried by Passengers

Provisions on Single Quarantine Treatment

1. For fruit, solanceous vegetables (e.g. eggplants, chilli, and tomatoes, etc.) carried by passengers, returning or destruction shall be applied, and the Voucher of People’s Republic of China for Detaining or Quarantine Treatment of Objects Carried by Inward and Outward Passengers shall be issued.

2. For quarantine objects, which are specified in the List of Plants That are Prohibited from Importation for Quarantine Reasons, carried by passengers, the treatment of returning or destruction shall be applied, and the Voucher of People’s Republic of China for Detaining or Quarantine Treatment of Objects Carried by Inward and Outward Passengers shall be issued.

3. For passengers carrying plant seeds, seedlings, or other propagating materials into China, they shall provide the Quarantine Form for Introducing Seeds and/or Seedlings.  Quarantine shall be undertaken in accordance with the quarantine form. The said plant seeds, seedlings, or other propagating materials that pass the quarantine or are proven to be qualified after the treatment of disinfection and disinfestation shall be cleared. However, those aforesaid items that cannot undergo the treatment of disinfection and disinfestation shall be returned or destroyed (see Plant Quarantine Treatment for details of the methods of disinfection and disinfestation  )

4. For the flowers or miniascape as individual ornamentals into China carried by passengers, the treatment of soil replacement shall be conducted for those ornamental plants with soil, while the treatment of destruction shall be undertaken for those that are detected to carry dangerous diseases or insect pests.

5. For the objects prohibited from entering China but with a special examination and approval of quarantine, the special examination and approval of quarantine and the quarantine certificate issued by the export country shall be checked and verified, and then, those articles shall be sent to a laboratory for quarantine. After quarantine, those qualified shall be cleared.

 

Quarantine Objects Which Shall Be Cleared Immediately After Inspection at Any Time

Following quarantine objects shall be cleared immediately, in the event that there is no ordinary insect pest detected by on-the-spot quarantine:

1. Fresh cut followers;

2. Vegetables except solanceous vegetables

3. Plant seasonings;

4. Dried fruit, dried vegetables; and

5. Chinese medicine plants

 

Provisions on Treatment of Special Cases

1. For plants, plant products or other quarantine objects carried by diplomatic personnel enjoying the diplomatic and consular privileges and immunities, inspection and quarantine personnel, in accordance with provisions provide by the Regulations of People’s Republic of China Concerning Diplomatic Privileges and Immunities—the Order of the President of the People's Republic of China No. 44, 1986, shall be entitled to check quarantine objects carried by the diplomatic personnel. The parties concerned shall be present at the spot during checking to prevent diplomatic representation.

2. For plants, plant products or other quarantine objects carried by participants of a large-scale activity (e.g. international convention, or international competition, etc.), the organizers or domestic reception departments shall contact the inspection and quarantine authority, inform all participants of relevant provisions on China’s inspection and quarantine, and go through formalities of inspection and quarantine in accordance with relevant provisions. Those quarantine objects specified in the List of Plants That are Prohibited from Importation for Quarantine Reasons shall be detained or destroyed; other quarantine objects shall be enregistered and checked on the spot, and then shall undergo concentrated inspection and quarantine and supervision of inspection and quarantine conducted by the inspection and quarantine personnel at the center area of the activity and the activity site.

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